Who Makes the Rules? Establishing Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
Appropriate regulations are fundamental to effective protection for occupational health and safety. This paper examines the process by which regulations are written and adopted. Ideally, a body of reliable scientific evidence would point to the need for regulation. A body of health and safety experts can examine the data and prepare regulatory language for implementation by the appropriate body. Normally, a consultative body of experts from management, government, labour and academia oversees this process. Ultimately, senior decision makers determine the regulation to be adopted. Experience with ergonomic regulations in the US and Canada show that this linear process can be interrupted at many points. In the US, no national ergonomic regulations exist after decades of effort offset by political intervention, while in British Columbia the adoption took years to achieve. The parties’ health and safety experts are crucial. They must understand the problems of regulation and enjoy the confidence of senior officials in their organizations to offset political opposition.
The Author(s) must make formal transfer of copyright for each article prior to publication in the International Journal of Contemporary Economics and Administrative Sciences. Such transfer enables the Journal to defend itself against plagiarism and other forms of copyright infringement. Your cooperation is appreciated. You agree that copyright of your article to be published in the International Journal of Contemporary Economics and Administrative Sciences is hereby transferred, throughout the World and for the full term and all extensions and renewals thereof, to International Journal of Contemporary Economics and Administrative Sciences.
The Author(s) reserve(s): (a) the trademark rights and patent rights, if any, and (b) the right to use all or part of the information contained in this article in future, non-commercial works of the Author's own, or, if the article is a "work-for-hire" and made within the scope of the Author's employment, the employer may use all or part of the information contained in this article for intra-company use, provided the usual acknowledgements are given regarding copyright notice and reference to the original publication.
The Author(s) warrant(s) that the article is Author's original work, and has not been published before. If excerpts from copyrighted works are included, the Author will obtain written permission from the copyright owners and shall credit the sources in the article. The author also warrants that the article contains no libelous or unlawful statements, and does not infringe on the rights of others. If the article was prepared jointly with other Author(s), the Author agrees to inform the co-Author(s) of the terms of the copyright transfer and to sign on their behalf; or in the case of a "work-for-hire" the employer or an authorized representative of the employer.
The journal is registered with the ISSN : 1925-4423.
IJCEAS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.